By Dr. H. Muhammad Yusuf, M. Ag.
(Senior lecture of College Islamic Religion al-Furqan Makassar)
(Senior lecture of College Islamic Religion al-Furqan Makassar)
Based on Letter of General Director of higher education (Dirjen Dikti)) that one of requirements which should be fulfilled by students are: 1) Undergraduate students (S1) write article and publish it in national journal that is not accredited; 2). Graduate student (S2) write an article and publish it in accredited national journal; 3). Ph. D Programme (S3) write an article and publish it in reputable and indexed international journal.Therefore, this short paper informs and helps you to write and publish your research paper. For Research Scholars doing Ph. D, it is mandatory to publish their research papers at international level academic Journals or scholarly (Peer Reviewed) journals. And many of the students who will apply for further studies in technical courses will discover that relevant published research papers help during admission process. So here I am trying to introduce and to show some guidelines that you can follow.
How to write a research paper, preparing for research article? how to publish paper in international journal, scholarly journal, academic journal, publishing in journals ? How to get all levels?
There are many tips to start writing and publishing your article. First is preliminary. The first activity for publishing a technical paper is to figure out your technical area of interest. Make sure the you had carried out enough studies on basics of that topic. Then you have you to update yourself with the ongoing technical happenings in your chosen field. You can do this by 1) Reading and googling a lot of technical papers. There are a lot of journals and IEEE papers floating around in net. 2) Go to one or more conferences, listen carefully to the best talks, and find out what people are thinking about.
Second is to read existing papers. Read everything that might be relevant gives you different perspective of the focus topic. But be selective too, for not getting to much deviated from you topic of interest. Getting used to simulation software is much useful for simulating your work. You can find a lot of time during the days and utilize those holidays and free days. Third, A jump start. When you first start reading up on a new field, ask your fellow researcher what the most useful journals and conference proceedings are in your field, and ask for a list of important papers that you should read. This activity will give you a jump start. Fourth, crack the jargons and terms. One of among the tough nuts to crack is to understand the paper published by others. The easiest way is to is by reading it many times. The more times you read the more will be revealed to you. Keep the internet handy so that you can crack the jargons and terms, which you may find strange.
Fifth, write down your studies. Write down speculations, interesting problems, possible solutions, random ideas, references to look up, notes on papers you’ve read, outlines of papers to write, and interesting quotes. Read back through it periodically. Keeping a journal of your research activities and ideas is very useful. Sixth, bits and pieces together. Now you can identify important open problems in your research field and also you will be very much aware of what you are doing and what you have to do. The more you go, you’ll notice that the bits of random thoughts start to come together and form a pattern, which may be a bright enough for a good paper. Seventh, essence of your work. The essence of your work can be diagnosed by analyzing below listed points.
1. Significance: Why was this work done? Did you solve an important problem of current interest or is it an obscure or obsolete problem?
2. Originality/Novelty: Is your approach novel or is it tried-and-true? Did you need to develop new tools, either analytical or physical?
3. Completeness: Have you tested a wide range of scenarios, or is this just a simple proof-of-concept?
4. Correct: Is your solution technically sound or are there errors? Consider improving the same.
Eighth, anatomy of paper. Generally a paper has seven sections and a maximum of four pages. They are Abstract,introduction, existing techniques, your contribution, results, analysis, cnonclusion. Ninth, the procedure. As a part of your paper publication, you can start documenting the ‘existing techniques’ from the scrap journal you did during the studies. Here you have to extract what all are the techniques existing as a solution for the particular problem and the pros and cons of those. Next, document the ‘introduction’ about what is the topic and what you are going to do. Better to keep it short. Follows your contribution and the simulated results. You should describe the problem, state your contributions, state the problem, say why it’s an interesting problem, say what your solution achieve, and say what follows from your solution.
Tenth, section by section. The divide-and-conquer strategy works on a day-to-day level as well. Instead of writing an entire paper, focus on the goal of writing a section, or outline. Remember, every task you complete gets you closer to finishing your paper. Eleventh. Get a pre-review. Now your paper is ready. You can ask your peers or professors to review your paper. Next is to find the right place to publish it. You can start of with national level conferences, which often gets conducted in many universities. Then once you gain a level of confidence, you can proceed to international conferences and journals. Twelfth, read the reviews carefully. This section is really, really, really hard. Only a small proportion, about 5 to 10 percent, are accepted the first time they are submitted, and usually they are only accepted subject to revision. In fact, anything aside from simply “reject,” Neal-Barnett reminds, is a positive review. These include:
1. Accept: “Which almost nobody gets,” she says.
2. Accept with revision: “Just make some minor changes.”
3. Revise and resubmit: “They’re still interested in you!”
4. Reject and resubmit: Though not as good as revise and resubmit, “they still want the paper!”
5. Read every criticism as a positive suggestion for something you could explain more clearly
Thirteenth, don’t panic. You try to strengthen your intrinsic motivation and support your spirit deeply. After reading the review the first time, put it aside. Come back to it later, reading the paper closely to decide whether the criticisms were valid and how you can address them. You will often find that reviewers make criticisms that are off-target because they misinterpreted some aspect of your paper. If so, don’t let it get to you — just rewrite that part of your paper more clearly so that the same misunderstanding won’t happen again. It’s frustrating to have a paper rejected because of a misunderstanding, but at least it’s something you can fix. On the other hand, criticisms of the content of the paper may require more substantial revisions- rethinking your ideas, running more tests, or redoing an analysis. Don’t give up, it is really, really, really challanging section, so focus on your target to publish your best paper.
Fourteenth, If your paper is rejected, be positive, keep trying! If your paper is rejected, keep trying! Take the reviews to heart and try to rewrite the paper, addressing the reviewer’s comments. “Remember, to get a lot of publications, you also will need to get lots of rejections,” says Edward Diener, PhD, editor of APA’s Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Personality Processes and Individual Differences. Fifteenth, common mistakes. Wrong sequence in Figure and Table numbering. Misalignment of columns Usage of figures from another paper without credit and permission. Sixteenth. where to publish? Generally, there are three main choices: 1) National Conference: A conference is the right place for beginner scholars, since the level of scrutiny is minimal. The conferences will accept papers which details about the comparison of existing technologies, mathematically proven but practically unproven proposals, etc. 2) International Conference: A conference is the good play ground for Intermediated scholars. This mostly same as National Conference but the securitization will be more. Conferences offer rapid time-to-publish, plus you will often get feedback on your work when you present it. Page lengths and acceptance standards vary widely from conference to conference, but generally conference papers are shorter than full journal papers. 3) Journal: Journal papers are generally the Alfa and Omega of publishing papers and they are considered as more prestigious than conferences.
All university students and lecturers should strengthen academic writing in learning and teaching process. Therefore, there are two urgent points of current trend must be responded by: First, all students who want to pass exam and to be graduate must publish their papers on jorunal. For S1 (undergraduate student) publish paper on Nasional Journal, S2 (graduate student) publish paper on acreditated Nasional Journal, S3 (Ph.D Programme) publish paper on international indexed international Journal. Therefore, from now on, try your best and publish your paper on jounals. Second, all university lecturers must write articles and publish on indexed national and international journals and. To respond and to support the two urgent points, at least ther two also urgent to do. First, all universities have to try to strengthen academic writing for all students (undergarduate, post graduate, and Ph.D Programme). Then, all university lecturers try their best in researching, writing, and publishing their articles in an indexed intenational journals and online system, and getting impact factor. Finally, God is all knowing the truth, Wallahu a‘lam bish shawab and Thank You.
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